John William Coltrane (September 23, 1926 ƒ?? July 17, 1967), nicknamed Trane, was an American jazz saxophonist and composer. Although recordings of his work from as early as 1946 exist, Coltrane’s recording career did not begin in earnest until 1955. Coltrane initially played alongside luminaries like Dizzy Gillespie, Thelonious Monk and Miles Davis, and after 1957, recorded and produced dozens of albums, many released posthumously. Throughout his career Coltrane’s music took on an increasingly spiritual dimension that would color his legacy. His conception of expression in jazz became increasingly mystical, gnostic and cathartic.